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Museums in Kiev > Memorial Museum of academician of medicine N. Strazhesko

 

 

Nikolay Dmitriyevich Strazhesko is a luminary of not just Ukrainian, but also of world medicine. He could have got the Noble Prize, but he lived in a “closed” country, from where it was hard for his discoveries to reach the rest of the world. Strazhesko was the first to describe cardiac infarction. This fact itself is worth learning about this person’s achievements. He was born in Odessa in 1876 and was a descendant of Ukrainian Cossacks coming from the famous clan of Konashevichy – the one Konashevich-Sagaidachniy Hetman belonged to. Strazhesko got great education, was very good at music and interested in painting. He graduated from Odessa Rishelye Lyceum and medical faculty of Kiev University with honors. Strazhesko was guided by the famous physician Vasiliy Obraztsov, who had great influence on his further life and scientific activity. In 1902 Strazhesko passed the exam for Doctor of Medicine degree and started working in St. Petersburg under direction of academician Ivan Pavlov. In 1904 he successfully defended his dissertation in Military-Medical Academy and got the MD degree.

Nikolay Strazhesko had great practice in clinics of Kiev, Paris, Berlin and St. Petersburg. He was one of the most popular and well-paid doctors in Kiev. Maria Zankovetskaya, Nikolai Sadovskiy, Vladislav Gorodetskiy were among his patients. He was a delegate of several medical congresses and one of the youngest luminaries of therapeutic congresses of that time. His works dedicated to cardiovascular system are typed in European journals.

In 1910 together with his teacher Obraztsov Strazhesko wrote a scientific work “About thrombosis of the heart’s coronary vessels”, which became a great achievement in the country’s science for that moment.

Nikolay Dmitriyevich carried out great pedagogical work. Thanks to him, a women’s medical school was founded in Kiev. During the World War One he did a lot to organize hospitals, help sick and wounded people, refugees.

After the Bolshevik Revolution professor Strazhesko stayed in Kiev, although two his daughters managed to leave for France. In 1925 Nikolay Dmitrievich organized the first congress of Ukrainian physicians and two years later he became the Chairman of the Therapeutic Society of the USSR and the Chairman of the National Therapeutic Society.

In 20th-30th Strazhesko kept researching cordial infarction, stenocardia, asthma. He headed the Institute of Clinical Medicine, founded in Kiev in 1936 which is now called Institute of Cardiology of the Ukrainian Academy of Medical Sciences named after N.D. Strazhesko. Now the great doctor’s memorial cabinet is located there.

Strazhesko personal belongings, rare editions of his works, genuine photos, materials of researches made more than 70 years ago are represented in the exposition of the Museum.
The excursion will let one know about the final period of life of the scientist who was chosen a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1952 the elderly scientist faced the fact: he had to support accusations against his follower V. Vasilenko, arrested on” Doctors` case”, or he could be deprived of all his benefits and might have more serious consequences. It is unknown what the Soviet Authorities could do to the luminary of world medicine, but Strazhesko returned from his last trip to Moscow in summer of 1952 broken inside. In several days he died of infarcts – the disease he struggled against all his life.

The Museum represents not just professional activity and public position of the scientist, but also him as a personality, collector and true representative of the classic intellectuals. Strazhesko admired and appreciated music, new actual theatre novelties. He had a great collection of paintings of famous artists – Vasnetsov, Aivazovskiy, Polenov, Repin, Surikov, which was a collection of museum level. One can learn more about all this by visiting the Memorial Museum of the famous doctor. 



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