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Sunset on the Dnieper. Fragment. Zvenigorodsky V. 1970
 
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Sunset on the Dnieper. Fragment. Zvenigorodsky V. 1970
Tuesday, 17 May 2022

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Museums in Kiev > Golden Gate Museum

 

Photo1. Golden Gate, Kiev.

Photo2. Golden Gate, Kiev. Photo taken in 1960s.

Photo3. Golden Gate before its reconstruction.

 

The Golden Gate is one of the symbols of Kiev. It was known as the main gate of the ancient Kiev for centuries. Now the Golden Gate is one of the main attractions of the Ukrainian capital.

The Golden Gate was incorporated into earthwork fortification that encircled the City of Yaroslav the Wise. There the natural landscape could not be used for the defense of the old Russian capital. That is why high ramparts were made from this side. The ramparts were topped with wooden walls. The site of the main entrance to the city was chosen there. The highest fortification was to ensure that visitors would be amazed seeing Kiev City greatness and inaccessibility. Actually no enemy broke to Kiev through the Golden Gate.

The "Golden Gate" name was obtained by the analogy with the main entrance to Constantinople. There in its turn the name was brought from Jerusalem. The ceremonial entrance to the ancient Jewish capital was known as the Golden Gate. The tradition of calling the main entrance to city as golden gate was introduced in order to stress the continuity of the Christianity. The Old Russia’s capital rulers’ ambitions were underlined that way too. The Golden Gate was topped with the Annunciation Church. The dome of the Annunciation Church was gilded giving additional evidence the correct form of the gate name.

For centuries merchants and ambassadors entered the city through the Golden Gate. The Grand Prince’s troops used to leave Kiev through the Golden Gate in order to start new military campaign. Kiev Grand Prince’s daughters used to leave Kiev through the Golden Gate in order to go to Europe if they were married by European kings. In 1654 Bogdan Khmelnitsky entered the city triumphantly through the Golden Gate.

Mongol-Tatars entered the city of Kiev when they broke the city wall near the southern city gate. But Mongol-Tatars destroyed the Golden Gate considerably in order to humiliate Kievans. The half-ruined Golden Gate fell into decay. By the 18th century there were ruins only. It was decided to fill up the ruins with soil. In 1832 during the demolition of city walls remains the ruins of Golden Gate were unearthed. And the archaeological research was started.

The Golden Gate remains were fixed several times. But the old brickwork fell into decay. About 150 years later it was decided to recreate the Golden Gate in its original appearance. The original 11th century brickwork was covered with a special pavilion imitating the ancient structure. While reconstructing the Golden Gate modern builders tried to reproduce technology used a thousand years ago.

Now there is a museum in the three-tier pavilion over the proper gate. The exposition is dedicated to the history of this outstanding structure and to fortifications of ancient Kiev. The fragments of the original brickwork of the gate are the center point of the exposition. It is possible to climb to the observation deck as well as to visit the Church of the Annunciation. You can understand Old Russian style of the architectural design and the way the ancient fortification was constructed. Concerts and dramatic performances are conducted in the doorway too. The audience can enjoy the excellent acoustics. Temporary exhibitions on ancient Russia topics are often organized in the halls of the museum.



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Kyiv-Pechersk Historic and Cultural Reserve Kyiv-Pechersk Historic and Cultural Reserve

Historical Treasures Museum Historical Treasures Museum

Nikolai Syadristy’s Museum of Microminiature Nikolai Syadristy’s Museum of Microminiature

National Museum of History of Ukraine   National Museum of History of Ukraine

Kiev Museum of Russian Art  Kiev Museum of Russian Art

Art Museum named after Bogdan and Varvara Khanenko (Kiev Museum of Western and Oriental Arts) Art Museum named after Bogdan and Varvara Khanenko (Kiev Museum of Western and Oriental Arts)

Chocolate House (a branch of the Kiev Museum of Russian Art) Chocolate House (a branch of the Kiev Museum of Russian Art)

National Art Museum of Ukraine National Art Museum of Ukraine

Museum of Folk Architecture and Life (Pirogovo) Museum of Folk Architecture and Life (Pirogovo)

\ "The National Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945" Memorial Complex

"Chernobyl" National Museum

National Museum of Ukrainian Literature National Museum of Ukrainian Literature

Museum of book publishing in Ukraine Museum of book publishing in Ukraine

State Museum of Ukrainian Decorative Folk Art State Museum of Ukrainian Decorative Folk Art

State Museum of Theater, Music and Cinema of Ukraine State Museum of Theater, Music and Cinema of Ukraine

Holograms Museum Holograms Museum

Golden Gate Museum Golden Gate Museum

Museum “St. Andrew`s Church” Museum “St. Andrew`s Church”

St. Cyril’s Church, the 12th century architectural monument St. Cyril’s Church, the 12th century architectural monument

Kiev memorial house-museum of Mikhail Bulgakov Kiev memorial house-museum of Mikhail Bulgakov

One Street Museum One Street Museum

The Drug-Store Museum The Drug-Store Museum

International Museum of Ukrainian Embroidery International Museum of Ukrainian Embroidery

St. Michael’s Monastery Museum St. Michael’s Monastery Museum

Historical and architectural museum Kiev Fortress Historical and architectural museum Kiev Fortress

Memorial Museum of academician of medicine N. Strazhesko Memorial Museum of academician of medicine N. Strazhesko

National Museum of Medicine of Ukraine National Museum of Medicine of Ukraine

Ukrainian National Republic (UNR) Museum Ukrainian National Republic (UNR) Museum

Memorial to the Victims of Holodomor in Ukraine National Museum Memorial to the Victims of Holodomor in Ukraine National Museum

Soviet Occupation Museum Soviet Occupation Museum

Cultural Heritage Museum Cultural Heritage Museum

Cabinet-Museum of Vyacheslav Chernovol Cabinet-Museum of Vyacheslav Chernovol

Shalom Aleichem’s Museum Shalom Aleichem’s Museum

Central Museum of Armed Forces of Ukraine  Central Museum of Armed Forces of Ukraine

Central Museum of Ukrainian Border Troops Central Museum of Ukrainian Border Troops

Ukrainian Center of National Culture “Ivan Gonchar`s Museum” Ukrainian Center of National Culture “Ivan Gonchar`s Museum”

Mamayeva Sloboda – Cossacks` village in Kiev Mamayeva Sloboda – Cossacks` village in Kiev

Hetmanship Museum Hetmanship Museum

Aircraft Museum Aircraft Museum

Water Museum (Information Center of Water) Water Museum (Information Center of Water)

Fire Fighting Museum Fire Fighting Museum

T.G. Shevchenko’s National Museum T.G. Shevchenko’s National Museum

The Central State Archive of Literature and Arts of Ukraine The Central State Archive of Literature and Arts of Ukraine

Pedagogical Museum Pedagogical Museum

Polytechnic Museum of Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI) Polytechnic Museum of Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI)

M. Grushevsky’s Historical and Memorial Museum M. Grushevsky’s Historical and Memorial Museum

Taras Shevchenko`s Literary and Memorial House – Museum in Kiev Taras Shevchenko`s Literary and Memorial House – Museum in Kiev

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Kiev A. Pushkin`s Museum Kiev A. Pushkin`s Museum

Kiev Maxim Rylskiy`s  Literary-Memorial Museum Kiev Maxim Rylskiy`s Literary-Memorial Museum

Museum of Eminent Ukrainian Culture Personalities - Lesya Ukrainka, Mikhail Staritskiy, Nikolai Lysenko and Panas Saksaganskiy Museum of Eminent Ukrainian Culture Personalities - Lesya Ukrainka, Mikhail Staritskiy, Nikolai Lysenko and Panas Saksaganskiy

P. Tychyna’s Literary-Memorial Museum-Apartment P. Tychyna’s Literary-Memorial Museum-Apartment

N. Bazhan’s Literary-Memorial Museum-Apartment N. Bazhan’s Literary-Memorial Museum-Apartment

Maria Zankovetskaya`s Museum Maria Zankovetskaya`s Museum

Ivan Kavaleridze’s Museum-workshop Ivan Kavaleridze’s Museum-workshop

Composer V. Kosenko’s Museum-Apartment Composer V. Kosenko’s Museum-Apartment

Poet Dmitriy Lutsenko`s Museum Poet Dmitriy Lutsenko`s Museum

Museum of Bread Museum of Bread

Museum of the Main Astronomic Observatory of Ukraine Museum of the Main Astronomic Observatory of Ukraine

Kiev Observatory Museum Kiev Observatory Museum

Toy Museum Toy Museum

Post Museum Post Museum

Kiev Television Museum Kiev Television Museum

Circus Museum Circus Museum

Magdeburg Law Museum (Museum of the history of  Kiev self-government) Magdeburg Law Museum (Museum of the history of Kiev self-government)

Apiculture Museum Apiculture Museum

Kiev Charity Museum (House of Peter I) Kiev Charity Museum (House of Peter I)

Svyatoshin District Museum Svyatoshin District Museum

Lukyanovskoye cemetery State Historical and Memorial Reserve Lukyanovskoye cemetery State Historical and Memorial Reserve

Wax Figures Museum Wax Figures Museum

Toilet Museum Toilet Museum

Sewage Museum Sewage Museum

Recycled Materials Museum Recycled Materials Museum

Kiev Metro Museum  Kiev Metro Museum

Museum of Ukrainian Icon (Spiritual Treasures of Ukraine) Museum of Ukrainian Icon (Spiritual Treasures of Ukraine)

Ukrainian Modern Art Museum Ukrainian Modern Art Museum

Mistetskiy Arsenal Culture and Art Museum Complex Mistetskiy Arsenal Culture and Art Museum Complex

Center of Modern Art “Pinchuk Art Center” Center of Modern Art “Pinchuk Art Center”